south africa mining cost open pit ton

Mining in South Africa: The Challenges and Opportunities

Mining in South Africa: the challenges and the opportunities 2 September 2016 18 • Non-gold mining sector can grow at 3-5% pa, resulting in more balanced country growth rate (double size of non-gold mining by 2028). • If mining had grown at same pace as rest of economy between 1994 and 2013, country''s growth rate would have been 4% (not 3.2%)

Estimates of Electricity Requirements for the Recovery of ...

South Africa operated by Gold Fields Ltd. in 2006 .....58 Table 23. Estimated electricity requirements for a small- to medium-sized gold mine using conventional underground cut-and-fill mining at 1,500 metric tons per day using the carbon-in-pulp leach

Forecasting mining capital cost for open-pit mining ...

 · Forecasting mining capital cost for open-pit mining projects based on artificial neural network approach. Author links open overlay panel Hongquan Guo a Hoang Nguyen b Diep-Anh Vu c Xuan-Nam Bui d e. ... South Africa case study. J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall, 115 (2015), pp. 789-797. View Record in Scopus Google Scholar.

Trends in underground hard-rock mining for gold and base ...

 · DOWNLOAD MINING ELITES IN AFRICA 2021. While underground mining methods show higher cost than open pit, their complexity almost always means that there is opportunity in both productivity and cost improvement. Underground hard-rock mining accounts for 40% of global mining operations but only 12% of run-of-mine (ROM) production.

Cost-efficient Transport for Open-pit Mines | E & MJ

Cost-efficient Transport for Open-pit Mines. An innovative technological approach to skip haulage could optimize costs and energy efficiency in hard rock mines. Open-pit metal mines are often shaped like an inverted cone, with the ore and overburden being drilled and blasted, then loaded and transported by shovel-and-truck systems.

Opening New Mines

The variable portion of the cost calculation is based on the open pit mining models published by the USGS, which take into account several factors that affect capital expenditures (Camm, 1991). From these, the following calculations were made: The average operating cost per ton ore produced was also calculated using D:

Mining Trucks | Haul Trucks | |

® Mining Dump Trucks are engineered for performance, designed for comfort and built to last. These powerful haul trucks are able to move more material at a lower cost.

State of Mining in Africa In the spotlight

mining community and media scrutiny. Over the past 12 months, we have seen mining companies seeking to restructure their African interests either through changes in investment intent or through seeking to ring-fence African assets into separate entities to realise more value in those assets of their broader portfolio.


Mining Cost Service continues to be a useful reference on a wide range of topics for early stage mine planning through to ''fill the gaps'' on more detailed studies. Mining Cost Service provides an independent source for information on equipment, quantities and cost for a significant number of mining methods and range of production rates.

Block Caving – A Viable Alternative? | Golder

As large open pit mines come to the end of their lives, many companies are examining the feasibility of transitioning to low-cost, large-scale underground operations. Block cave mining is the only underground method that can offer comparable open pit production rates and operating costs.

Large Mining Trucks | |

large mining trucks have reliably kept material on the move for decades. By adding a Powertrain Guarantee Customer Value Agreement (CVA) to the purchase of a qualifying new trucks, you won''t just hope for a target cost per ton, cost per hour or cost per mile/kilometer — you''ll guarantee it.

How to profit from low-grade gold mines

 · But it didn''t. In 2001 when the gold price was just $272/oz, gold mining companies had cash costs of $176 an ounce, giving a 54% margin. However, by 2006 the …

Open Cast Mining Jobs

Senior Mining Engineer. Atoll Mining. Benoni, Gauteng. R20 000 - R25 000 a month. Responsive employer. Mining engineer: 10 years (Preferred). Qualified Mining Engineer Mechanical and Electrical Certificates. Part-time hours: 8 per week. 22 days ago ·.


The Merensky Reef was the principal source of pgm from the time that it was first worked in 1925 until the end of the 20th century. However, extraction of other reefs has grown in importance, and by 2011 the Merensky Reef accounted for only 22 per cent of all the platinum ore processed in South Africa. Exploitation of the UG2 began in the 1970s ...

The World''s 20 Largest Copper Mines

 · Updated November 25, 2019. The world''s 20 largest copper mines produce nearly 9 million metric tons of the precious metal a year, about 40% of the world''s total copper mine capacity. Chile and Peru, alone, account for more than half of the copper mines on this list. The U.S. makes the cut, as well, with two mines among the top 20.

(PDF) Geotechnical applications in open pit mining | Necmi ...

Open pit scheduling programs such as Whittle 4D propose pit outlines and preferred areas of mining based on grade and mining cost-per-ton. At Sandsloot open pit a single mining cost-per-ton was derived for the entire pit. Mining cost-per-ton, however, varies per zone and therefore should be generated for each geotechnical zone.

South Africa''s Biggest Open Pit Mines | KH Plant

Discovered in 1961, the deposit was first mined as an open pit. An underground mine was subsequently developed below the pit. The open-pit mine at Finsch spans 17.9 hectares and has a depth of about 100 metres. By production, it''s South Africa''s second-largest diamond mine, after Venetia Mine.

(Webinar) Improve Mine Efficiency through using MinePlan''s ...

 · Ashique is a safety-oriented mining professional with hands-on experience in open pit and underground mining operations. He has worked in India, Indonesia, South Africa, Oman, Saudi Arabia and DR Congo. Ashique holds a Master''s Degree in open cast mining from Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad.

Mining Cost Service

Mining Cost Service is the industry standard reference for Mining Cost Estimation. This system places cost estimating data at your fingertips with conveniently indexed information to make your cost estimates faster, easier, and more credible. Monthly updates assure that you are working with the most current cost …


1.3.2. Terrace mining 7 1.3.3. Open pit mining 8 1.4. Underground coal mining 9 1.4.1. Room and pillar 9 1.4.2. Longwall 12 1.5. South African coal mining context 13 1.5.1. History of the South African coal mining industry 13 1.5.2. Current status of coal mining in South Africa 15 1.5.3. The role of South African coal market plays globally 18 1.6.


2.1 Cost Categorization. In this paper, costs in open pit mines are categorized into four groups: (1) capital costs, (2) operating costs, (3) general and administrative (G&A) costs, and (4) fixed ...

South Africa''s Biggest Open Pit Mines | KH Plant

Overview of Mining Costs 24 August 2012 30 Broad Street, 37 th Floor New York, NY 10004 Rohit Savant Senior Commodity Analyst [email protected] . ... South African Gold Mining Cash Costs. Wages Have Been Rising Faster than the Benchmark 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Premium/Discount to Benchmark Benchmark

v115n8a17 Parametric estimation of capital costs for ...

costs per ton of ore mined; for example, South African coal mining costs are quoted as rands per ton of coal produced. Figure 3 shows typical operating cost splits for relevant activities in the production cycle in open-pit mines. It can be seen that that hauling typically accounts for a significant proportion of the operating costs.

Mining in SA

Economic activity in modern-day South Africa has been centred on mining activities, their ancillary services and supplies. The country''s stock exchange in Johannesburg was established in 1887, a decade after the first diamonds were discovered on the banks of the Orange River, and almost simultaneously with the gold rush on the world-famous Witwatersrand.


Gamsberg is located about 30km from Black Mountain Mining (BMM) in the Northern Cape, South Africa. BMM is located at Aggeneys, a mining town in the province. Ownership: Vedanta holds 69.6%. Exxaro Resources, a leading South African BEE company owns 24.4% and ESOP holds 6%. Comprises: Gamsberg will exploit one of the largest known, undeveloped ...

Modelling open pit shovel-truck systems T using the ...

The Journal of The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy VOLUME 107 REFEREED PAPER AUGUST 2007 469 Modelling open pit shovel-truck systems using the Machine Repair Model allocation or fleet size estimation.

Corrie Rautenbach

o Open Pit Mining o Underground Mining Methods o Mineral Processing o Mining Departments o Logistics and Marketing o Environmental Management Module 1: Geology and Mine Design Approach Module 2: Surface Mining Module 3: Underground Mining Module 4: Process to Customer Module 5: Mineral and Mining Economics Module 6: Environment and Safety

Venetia Diamond Mine

Venetia is a conventional open-pit mine. Surface mining is expected to carry on for some 20 years and, as the mine becomes deeper, the feasibility of underground operations are being investigated. The targeted pit floor level was at a depth of 400m. A re-evaluation of the pit design undertaken during 1998 reduced the waste-stripping requirements.


mining and deep underground mining are the two basic methods of mining used in South Africa. Approximately 51% of South African coal mining is done underground and about 49% is produced by open-cast techniques.

The high human cost of cobalt mining in the Democratic ...

 · The high human cost of cobalt mining. From its use as a coloring pigment in ceramics in Ancient Egypt to its discovery as a key ingredient in much of our modern technology, the mineral cobalt has a long history. Even though this brittle, silvery-blue metal is in wide use across our modern society, it''s likely the last time any of us gave it ...

Mobile mining | Excavation | Siemens Global

 · Electrification of open pit mining trucks. Since more than 20 years, Siemens Mobile Mining offers electric truck drive systems for some of the most powerful mining trucks that are currently available on the global mining market. The portfolio ranges from drive systems for 90t Trucks up to 450t Trucks. The drive systems for these trucks normally ...

Asteroid Mining: Key to the Space Economy

As one startling pointer to the unexpected riches in asteroids, many stony and stony-iron meteorites contain Platinum Group Metals at grades of up to 100 ppm (or 100 grams per ton). Operating open pit platinum and gold mines in South Africa and elsewhere mine ores of grade 5 to 10 ppm, so grades of 10 to 20 times higher would be regarded as ...

What every mining professional needs to know about block ...

 · Additionally, some ore deposits are simply too deep to be economically extracted by open pit methods or of insufficient value to justify other conventional underground methods. Lowest mining cost per ton: Block cave mining operating costs are a fraction in comparison with any other underground mining method.


The Botswana mining sector ranks among the highest in Africa on investment returns and policy perception. Botswana remains at the top of BMI''s Mining Risk/Reward Index with a score of 59.6 out of 100 in 2016. The country''s high score in the index is due in large part to the difficulties being experienced by rival mining markets.

Open-pit mining

Open-pit mining, also known as open-cast or open-cut mining and in larger contexts mega-mining,, is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth from an open-air pit, sometimes known as a borrow.. This form of mining differs from extractive methods that require tunnelling into the earth, such as long wall mining.Open-pit mines are used when deposits of commercially ...

Palabora Copper Mine, Palabora, South Africa

Open-pit mining commenced at Palabora in 1964 and ended in 2002 when the pit reached its final economic depth. The development of an underground mine to work the ore remaining below the pit bottom began during the final years of open-pit production, at a cost …

New Uranium Mining Projects

Harmony Gold Mining Co. could start uranium production from material at its Tshepong, Phakisa and Masimong mines in 2014, Chief Executive Officer Graham Briggs said. A decision on the project, which could cost less than 1.7 billion rand [US$ 236 million], will probably be made between October and January, he said.

The gold mining life cycle

Miners, mining materials and equipment are transported deep underground via the mine cage in the vertical shaft, which can go to depths of up to 3.5km below the surface. Open-pit gold mining also takes place in South Africa. This is a mining technique which excavates at the surface to extract ore.

RANKED: Top 10 lowest cost gold mines on the ...

 · Atlantic Gold''s Moose River open-pit mine is located in Nova Scotia that has a long history of gold mining. Commercial production was declared …

Coal Mines in South Africa Intelligence and Info | Africa ...

Nearly 85% of all coal mines in South Africa are owned and operated by Anglo American''s Thermal Coal, BHP Billiton''s Ingwe Collieries, Mining, Eyesizwe and Kumba Resources. Approximately half of all coal mines in South Africa use open pit mining techniques, while the other half relies on sub-surface techniques.